In New Jersey Community Choice is called Government Energy Aggregation (GEA). For the last ten years New Jersey has also had very effective policies for encouraging the installation of solar photovoltaic systems. By April, 2017, more than 73,000 solar photovoltaic (PV) facilities were installed around the state on residentail and business rooftops, with solar capacity exceeding 1,630 megawatts from distributed generation and 495 megawatts from utility-scale generation. In 2016, solar power supplied 74% of New Jersey’s renewable electricity generation from both utility and distributed (customer-sited, small-scale) sources. Nearly two-thirds of that solar electricity came from distributed solar panels.
Community Choice in the Garden State came into being in 1999 as part of the electricity deregulation movement. It was followed by a more specific Government Energy Aggregation Act in 2003, but an opt-in requirement and cost cap stymied the growth of GEAs. Subsequent legislation removed these barriers and the first GEA programs launched in 2012.
New Jersey’s experiment with an opt-in aggregation demonstrated that CCAs really need to be designed as opt-out programs in order to succeed. Only with the automatic enrollment of all customers, except those who opt out, can a CCA reach the critical mass necessary to attract suppliers and succeed as a business.
New aggregation programs are initiated by majority vote of the municipality’s elected body and must be approved by the Board of Public Utilities.
New Jersey now allows the automatic enrollment of residential customers, but it still requires commercial and municipal accounts to opt-in during a specified period.
In 2012 Plumstead Township was the first community to initiate GEA in New Jersey. Other early adopters were Toms River, Montgomery and Monroe Townships. Each of those communities continues to offer GEA to its residents.
When Toms River Township’s initial contract was scheduled to end, the township did not receive any bids that were significantly below the price charged by Jersey Central Power and Light (JCP&L), and so it returned its customers to bundled service from JCP&L in June, 2015. Later, however, a rebidding process was able to obtain savings and Toms River’s GEA began offering aggregated electricity service again in March, 2016 under a 21-month contract with TriEagle Energy.
Montgomery Township awarded an 18-month contract to TriEagle Energy that began in June, 2016.
Monroe Township awarded a 24-month contract to TriEagle Energy that began in December, 2015.
COMMUNITIES WITH GEA PROGRAMS
As of January, 2017, this list shows the municipalities, by service territory, listed in the state of New Jersey with Government Energy Aggregation Plans.
According to Bob Chilton, a vice president at Gabel Associates, the communities involved in Sustainable Essex Alliance's first contracted CCA program that ended in early 2021, saved money with greener energy; Glen Ridge saved $192,000; Maplewood saved $380,000 and South Orange saved $348,000. Montclair and Verona saved $684,000 and $253,000, respectively. Their second contract begins in March, 2021.
In June, 2020, the town of Princeton launched Princeton Community Renewable Energy (PCRE), an aggregation program that changes residents’ electricity provider from the utility PSE&G to Constellation NewEnergy. 50% of the electricity Constellation NewEnergy provides to participating households is powered by clean energy (vs. 24% by PSE&G). Residents also have the ability to “opt-up” to a 100% renewable energy product.
Hunterdon Area Energy Cooperative (HAEC) is nearing the end of their current contract term and will be holding an electric supply auction in late September, 2021. Member communities include: Alexandria Township, the Township of Bethlehem, the Borough of Califon, Chester Township, the Town of Clinton, Delaware Township, the Borough of Frenchtown, the Borough of High Bridge, Kingwood Township, the City of Lambertville, Mendham Township, the Borough of Peapack and Gladstone, and Washington Township. Five new communities have recently joined: the Borough of Flemington, Hopewell Township, the Township of Millburn, the City of New Brunswick and Chester Township.
Also in June, 2020, Food & Water Action and residents from Edison and East Brunswick submitted more than 3,000 petitions calling on the councils in both towns to create a municipal energy aggregation program that would deliver 100% clean, renewable electricity by the year 2030.
In September, 2020, Red Bank Council (Monmouth County) had a first reading of an ordinance for a Community Energy Aggregation Program that creates an option for the borough to pursue 100-percent renewable energy resources. To read the ordinance, click HERE.
CURRENT AND EMERGING ISSUES
New Jersey’s GEA statute prohibits aggregation if the rate charged to customers isn’t lower than the current default rate charged by the local distribution utility. There is an exception to this if the program includes a higher percentage of green energy than is required by the current New Jersey renewable portfolio standard.
In March 2019, the Sustainable Essex Alliance (SEA) awarded a 17-month cooperative energy contract with Direct Energy to supply cheaper and greener electricity to thousands of residential customers in the five towns participating (Glen Ridge, Maplewood, Montclair, South Orange and Verona). It is estimated that in the first 12 months of the program the aggregate savings for the participating residents in the five towns was nearly $1.9 million. With the current contract with Direct Energy expiring in December, 2020, SEA received price proposals for the next 12 to 24 months in September, 2020 from four energy firms. Disappointingly, the proposals did not meet the SEA pricing criteria relative to the PSE&G rates and customers will be switched back to PSE&G service in January, 2021. After a second round of bidding in November however, the new prices were significantly improved, so after a few months of being switched back to PSE&G, members of SEA will again receive service on March, 2021. Under the new contract with Energy Harbor, the baseline product will provide participating residents with power supply that has nearly double the renewable energy content required of PSE&G and will offer a 100% opt-up option.
The total RPS requirement in New Jersey, including solar carve out, is 24.39% by EY 2028. Details can be found here.
New Jersey’s ranks fifth among US states in installed solar photovoltaic capacity.
Maplewood, Montclair, Glen Ridge, Millburn, Verona, and South Orange formed the Sustainable Essex Alliance. In Maplewood, the 8,000 households enrolled will save $1M. Montclair residents expect to save $1.8M. As of March 2021, Glen Rock offers residents 100% renewable energy for less than the current PSE&G rate for the area.
LEGISLATION (PARTIAL LIST)
Assembly Bill 2165 (2003) Government Energy Aggregation Act of 2003 (c. 24, “GEA Act”), authorized municipalities and/or counties to establish GEA programs after passing an ordinance or a resolution.
The provisions governing the formation and conduct of GEA programs can be found at N.J.S.A. 48:3-92 – N.J.S.A. 48:3-95. (N.J.S.A. stands for New Jersey Statutes Annotated).
The Board of Public Utilities’ rules for GEA programs can be found in N.J.A.C. 14:4-6, Government Energy Aggregation Programs. (N.J.A.C. stands for New Jersey Administrative Code).
New Jersey Clean Energy Act (2018)
Chester Township: Stats On HAEC Residential Energy Aggregation Program. patch.com, September 6, 2021
Woodbridge Forms Energy Cooperative, With 100% Renewable Goal. patch.com, September 1, 2021
City prepares for green energy provider. The Link News, August 29, 2021
Mayor Seeks Feedback On Energy Co-op From Long Valley Residents. patch.com, August 6, 2021
NJBPU Approves 3,750 MW Successor Solar Incentive Program. NJBPU Press Release, July 28, 2021
Montclair Takes on Climate Action Plan. Montclair Local, July 22, 2021
Teaneck Residents Submit Petitions for 100% Renewable Energy Program. Food & Water Watch, July 16, 2021
Why is Mayor Wahler Afraid of Clean Energy? Food & Water Watch, May 25, 2021
Grassroots Clean Energy Campaigns Ramp Up in Five Towns. Insider NJ, May 11, 2021
Denville Township Council Votes to Join the Morris Energy Cooperative. Tap Into Denville, April 26, 2021.
Asbury Park City Council Passes 100 Percent Clean Energy Ordinance. The Link News, April 14, 2021
Community Solar Program Will Continue to Expand Equitable Access to Clean Energy with Record Number of Applications. NJ Board of Public Utilities, April 6, 2021
Opinion: Parsippany Will Benefit From a Renewable Energy Aggregation Program. Parsippany Focus, March 28, 2021
Denville to Consider Joining the Morris Area Energy Cooperative Program. tapinto.net, March 21, 2021
NJ Grant Will Help Montclair Develop Electricity 'Microgrid'. Patch, March 12, 2021
Glen Rockers Can Opt Up to 100% Renewable Energy Supplier by March 7. Tapinto.net, March 5, 2021
Sustainable Essex Alliance to enter second round of program. Essex News Daily, February 26, 2021
It's Worth "opting up" to 100% Clean Energy in Montclair (letter). Montclair Local, February 20, 2021
Glen Rock Embarks on Second Community Energy Aggregation Program. Tapinto.net, February 20, 2021
Energy Aggregation for Montclair Explained: Stay in or Opt Out by March 7. Montclair Local, February 16, 2021
Citing Market Conditions, Westfield Puts Energy Aggregation Program on Hold. tapinto.net, February 10, 2021
ACES – Alliance for Competitive Energy Services (Purchases electricity and natural gas for 430 NJ school districts. It is the largest GEA in the state.)
Sustainable Essex Alliance (serving the communities of Glen Rock, Glen Ridge, Livingston, Maplewood, Montclair, South Orange and Verona)
Piscataway Community Energy Aggregation (serving the town of Piscataway)
Hunterdon Area Energy Cooperative (30,000 residential customers of JCP&L and 20,000 residential customers of PSE&G)
Food & Water Action (working in 15 municipalities to enact 100% renewable GEA programs)
MAEC (Morris Area Energy Cooperative, GEA serving 12 municipalities)
NJ AGG (website to assist in the Energy Aggregation programs approved by the NJ Board of Public Utilities and the Rate Payer Advocate)
Gable Associates (consultant)
OTHER HELPFUL LINKS
CCA-Enabling Legislation: AB 2165
Board of Public Utilities (BPU) (Regulates public utilities)
NJCEP (New Jersey's Clean Energy Program) provides financial and other incentives to State energy customers that install high-efficiency or renewable energy technologies.
Food and Water Watch (advocacy group)
Commercial Utility Consultants (Consultancy that advises NJ communities on creating GEAs.)
Energy Harbor (clean energy provider)
Gabel Associates (Consultancy that advises NJ communities on creating GEAs)
Good Energy (Consultancy that advises NJ communities on creating GEAs)
Government Energy Aggregation Summary (PDF, 3 pages, undated)
New Jersey Energy Master Plan (First issued in 2011, the plan has been in the process of being updated from mid-2015 to the present.)
Sustainable Jersey (A program of the NJ League of Municipalities that encourages cities and towns to become more sustainable.)
TriEagle Energy (Retail electricity supplier)
Energy Harbor (Retail electricity supplier)
INVESTOR OWNED UTILITIES
Page last updated 9.7.21