top of page
New Jersey page banner image.jpg


In New Jersey Community Choice is called Government Energy Aggregation (GEA).   For the last ten years New Jersey has also had very effective policies for encouraging the installation of solar photovoltaic systems.  By April, 2017, more than 73,000 solar photovoltaic (PV) facilities were installed around the state on residentail and business rooftops, with solar capacity exceeding 1,630 megawatts from distributed generation and 495 megawatts from utility-scale generation. In 2016, solar power supplied 74% of New Jersey’s renewable electricity generation from both utility and distributed (customer-sited, small-scale) sources. Nearly two-thirds of that solar electricity came from distributed solar panels.

Community Choice in the Garden State came into being in 1999 as part of the electricity deregulation movement.  It was followed by a more specific Government Energy Aggregation Act in 2003, but an opt-in requirement and cost cap stymied the growth of GEAs. Subsequent legislation removed these barriers and the first GEA programs launched in 2012.

New Jersey’s experiment with an opt-in aggregation demonstrated that CCAs really need to be designed as opt-out programs in order to succeed. Only with the automatic enrollment of all customers, except those who opt out, can a CCA reach the critical mass necessary to attract suppliers and succeed as a business.

New aggregation programs are initiated by majority vote of the municipality’s elected body and must be approved by the Board of Public Utilities.

New Jersey now allows the automatic enrollment of residential customers, but it still requires commercial and municipal accounts to opt-in during a specified period.

In 2012 Plumstead Township was the first community to initiate GEA in New Jersey.  Other early adopters were Toms River, Montgomery and Monroe Townships.   Each of those communities continues to offer GEA to its residents.

  • Plumstead Township issued its third RFQ in early 2016 and signed a 22-month electricity supply contract with TriEagle Energy that took effect in March, 2016.

  • When Toms River Township’s initial contract was scheduled to end, the township did not receive any bids that were significantly below the price charged by Jersey Central Power and Light (JCP&L), and so it returned its customers to bundled service from JCP&L in June, 2015. Later, however, a rebidding process was able to obtain savings and Toms River’s GEA began offering aggregated electricity service again in March, 2016 under a 21-month contract with TriEagle Energy.

  • Montgomery Township awarded an 18-month contract to TriEagle Energy that began in June, 2016.

  • Monroe Township awarded a 24-month contract to TriEagle Energy that began in December, 2015.


As of January, 2017, this list shows the municipalities, by service territory, listed in the state of New Jersey with Government Energy Aggregation Plans.

According to Bob Chilton, a vice president at Gabel Associates, the communities involved in Sustainable Essex Alliance's first contracted CCA program that ended in early 2021, saved money with greener energy; Glen Ridge saved $192,000; Maplewood saved $380,000 and South Orange saved $348,000. Montclair and Verona saved $684,000 and $253,000, respectively. Their second contract expires late September 2022, and due to the inability to secure a new contract with favorable terms, residents will be moved back to PSE&G services. The next round of going out to bid may be early to mid 2023, depending on market conditions

In June, 2020, the town of Princeton launched Princeton Community Renewable Energy (PCRE), an aggregation program that changes residents’ electricity provider from the utility PSE&G to Constellation NewEnergy. 50% of the electricity Constellation NewEnergy provides to participating households is powered by clean energy (vs. 24% by PSE&G). Residents also have the ability to “opt-up” to a 100% renewable energy product.

Hunterdon Area Energy Cooperative (HAEC) is nearing the end of their current contract term and will be holding an electric supply auction in late September, 2021. Member communities include: Alexandria Township, the Township of Bethlehem, the Borough of Califon, Chester Township, the Town of Clinton, Delaware Township, the Borough of Frenchtown, the Borough of High Bridge, Kingwood Township, the City of Lambertville, Mendham Township, the Borough of Peapack and Gladstone, and Washington Township. Five new communities have recently joined: the Borough of Flemington, Hopewell Township, the Township of Millburn, the City of New Brunswick and Chester Township.

Also in June, 2020, Food & Water Action and residents from Edison and East Brunswick submitted more than 3,000 petitions calling on the councils in both towns to create a municipal energy aggregation program that would deliver 100% clean, renewable electricity by the year 2030.

In September, 2020, Red Bank Council (Monmouth County) had a first reading of an ordinance for a Community Energy Aggregation Program that creates an option for the borough to pursue 100-percent renewable energy resources. To read the ordinance, click HERE.


New Jersey’s GEA statute prohibits aggregation if the rate charged to customers isn’t lower than the current default rate charged by the local distribution utility.  There is an exception to this if the program includes a higher percentage of green energy than is required by the current New Jersey renewable portfolio standard.

In April, 2021 through August, 2022, the 7 town cooperative Sustainable Essex Alliance (SEA) offered its customers an energy supply with 40% renewable energy content; compared to 23.5% for PSE&G, which saved a typical PSE&G customer approximately $20 per month on their energy bill.  In September 2022, SEA customers were switched back to PSE&G due to unfavorable market conditions, however SEA continues to monitor the energy market and will issue an RFP once conditions improve. They are hoping to re-start their program in early to mid 2023.

  • The total RPS requirement in New Jersey, including solar carve out, is currently 25-percent renewable content. By 2023, 38 percent of its supply will be from renewable content, increasing to 53 percent by 2027. 

  • New Jersey’s ranks fifth among US states in installed solar photovoltaic capacity.

  • In the spring of 2019, the state launched its Community Solar Pilot program. After a successful 2 year run, the state is designing a permanent program. 

  • The Solar Act of 2021 states that the new Successor Solar Incentive Program should aim to provide incentives for at least 150 MW of community solar facilities per year.

  • Assembly Bill 2165 (2003) Government Energy Aggregation Act of 2003 (c. 24, “GEA Act”), authorized municipalities and/or counties to establish GEA programs after passing an ordinance or a resolution.

  • The provisions governing the formation and conduct of GEA programs can be found at N.J.S.A. 48:3-92 – N.J.S.A. 48:3-95. (N.J.S.A. stands for New Jersey Statutes Annotated).

  • The Board of Public Utilities’ rules for GEA programs can be found in N.J.A.C. 14:4-6, Government Energy Aggregation Programs. (N.J.A.C. stands for New Jersey Administrative Code).

  • New Jersey Clean Energy Act (2018)


Haverhill Residents Not Receiving Discounted Electric Rate Have Another Chance to Enroll., January 16, 2023

N.J. shakes up offshore wind industry with historic $1B plan., October 27, 2022

Old Bridge voters to decide fate of clean energy program., October 26, 2022

Mayor Kramer Promotes 'Two Environmentally Friendly Energy Programs, October 3, 2022

As SOMA Returns to PSE&G for Electricity, Town Leaders Work to Find Cheaper Options. Village Green NJ, September 12, 2022

Morris Township Moves To Lower Energy Costs by Exploring Energy Aggregation & Natural Gas. Morristown Minute, September 4, 2022

South Orange & Maplewood Electric Bills Likely to Rise as Towns Return to PSE&G as Supplier. The Village Green, August 29, 2022

New pilot program will help residents save money and protect the environment. Essex News Daily, March 13, 2022

Petitions to Create Renewable Energy Program Accepted in Cherry Hill. Food and Water Watch, November 19, 2021

Chester Township: Stats On HAEC Residential Energy Aggregation Program., September 6, 2021

Woodbridge Forms Energy Cooperative, With 100% Renewable Goal., September 1, 2021

City prepares for green energy provider. The Link News, August 29, 2021

Mayor Seeks Feedback On Energy Co-op From Long Valley Residents., August 6, 2021

NJBPU Approves 3,750 MW Successor Solar Incentive Program. NJBPU Press Release, July 28, 2021

Montclair Takes on Climate Action Plan. Montclair Local, July 22, 2021

Teaneck Residents Submit Petitions for 100% Renewable Energy Program. Food & Water Watch, July 16, 2021

Why is Mayor Wahler Afraid of Clean Energy? Food & Water Watch, May 25, 2021

Grassroots Clean Energy Campaigns Ramp Up in Five Towns. Insider NJ, May 11, 2021

Denville Township Council Votes to Join the Morris Energy Cooperative. Tap Into Denville, April 26, 2021.

Asbury Park City Council Passes 100 Percent Clean Energy Ordinance. The Link News, April 14, 2021

Community Solar Program Will Continue to Expand Equitable Access to Clean Energy with Record Number of Applications. NJ Board of Public Utilities, April 6, 2021

Opinion: Parsippany Will Benefit From a Renewable Energy Aggregation Program. Parsippany Focus, March 28, 2021

Denville to Consider Joining the Morris Area Energy Cooperative Program., March 21, 2021

NJ Grant Will Help Montclair Develop Electricity 'Microgrid'. Patch, March 12, 2021

Glen Rockers Can Opt Up to 100% Renewable Energy Supplier by March 7., March 5, 2021

Sustainable Essex Alliance to enter second round of program. Essex News Daily, February 26, 2021

It's Worth "opting up" to 100% Clean Energy in Montclair (letter). Montclair Local, February 20, 2021

Glen Rock Embarks on Second Community Energy Aggregation Program., February 20, 2021

Energy Aggregation for Montclair Explained: Stay in or Opt Out by March 7. Montclair Local, February 16, 2021

Citing Market Conditions, Westfield Puts Energy Aggregation Program on Hold., February 10, 2021


ACES – Alliance for Competitive Energy Services (Purchases electricity and natural gas for 430 NJ school districts.  It is the largest GEA in the state.)

Sustainable Essex Alliance (serving the towns of Maplewood, South Orange, Verona, Livingston, Glen Ridge, Montclair, and Glen Rock)

Piscataway Community Energy Aggregation (serving the town of Piscataway)

Hunterdon Area Energy Cooperative (30,000 residential customers of JCP&L and 20,000 residential customers of PSE&G)

Food & Water Action (working in 15 municipalities to enact 100% renewable GEA programs)

MAEC (Morris Area Energy Cooperative, GEA serving 12 municipalities)

NJ AGG (website to assist in the Energy Aggregation programs approved by the NJ Board of Public Utilities and the Rate Payer Advocate)

Gable Associates (consultant)


CCA-Enabling Legislation: AB 2165

U.S. Energy Information Administration, New Jersey State Energy Profile

Board of Public Utilities (BPU) (Regulates public utilities)

New Jersey’s Global Warming Response Act Report; Evaluating our Progress and Identifying Pathways to Reduce Emissions by 80% by 2050. October 15, 2020

NJCEP (New Jersey's Clean Energy Program) provides financial and other incentives to State energy customers that install high-efficiency or renewable energy technologies.

Food and Water Watch (advocacy group)

BPU sample forms for Government Aggregators

Commercial Utility Consultants (Consultancy that advises NJ communities on creating GEAs.)

Energy Harbor (clean energy provider)

Gabel Associates (Consultancy that advises NJ communities on creating GEAs)

Good Energy (Consultancy that advises NJ communities on creating GEAs)

Government Energy Aggregation Summary (PDF, 3 pages, undated)

New Jersey Energy Master Plan (First issued in 2011, the plan has been in the process of being updated from mid-2015 to the present.)

Sustainable Jersey (A program of the NJ League of Municipalities that encourages cities and towns to become more sustainable.)

TriEagle Energy (Retail electricity supplier)

Energy Harbor (Retail electricity supplier)


Atlantic Electric Company

Jersey Central Power & Light

Public Service Electricity & Gas

Rockland Electric Company

Page last updated 10/26/22

bottom of page